Austerity in a post-COVID world

Austerity in a post-COVID world

In 2012 The IMF studied the correlation between credit-default-swap spreads and various economic indicators. Long term indicators—for deficits, economic growth and spending on pensions and health care—had little impact on spreads. But larger short term primary deficits (which exclude interest) were associated with notably wider spreads. So, too, was weaker current-year growth. Solvency should be [...]

Active vs Passive Investing

Active vs Passive Investing

For the long-term equity investor, the debate between active and passive strategies rests on three main considerations:  Market efficiencyPortfolio constructionHistorical performance Let's look at each in more detail. Market Efficiency At the centre of the active versus passive debate is the question of whether stock markets are efficient. What is an Efficient Market? In an [...]

Diversification 101

Diversification 101

In the world of investing, one thing is certain – markets will go up and down as economies move through different cycles of growth, taking investor emotions along with them. Managing such emotions, at both the peaks and valleys of the market, is one of the hallmarks of successful investors. Whatever happens in the market, [...]